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The History of St. Valentine's Day

The History of St. Valentine's Day

The History of St. Valentine's Day
The History of St. Valentine's Day

Across the globe on February fourteenth, many flowers, cards, and gifts are exchanged between dear ones, as St. Valentine's Day is celebrated. However, the story of why we tend to celebrate these days may be a little bit of a mystery. The tradition of St. Valentine's Day mixes components of both ancient Roman rites and Christian tradition. simply to confuse matters more, 3 totally different saints known as Valentine are recognized by the Catholic Church.

One legend is that Valentine was a priest in Rome throughout the third century. Emperor Claudius, III ordained that wedding was to be illegal for young men, as he thought that single men made better soldiers than people who were married with families.

Valentine felt the decree was unjust and unfair and defied the Emperor by performing secret marriages for young lovers. once his actions for undercover lovers were discovered, Claudius I ordered valentine be executed. Variations on this legend say that Valentine was placed to death for trying to assist fellow Christians to escape from harsh Roman prisons where they were often tortured.
According to another legend, Valentine could have really sent the first 'valentine' greeting himself in 270 AD the day before he was to be executed for refusing to renounce his Christian beliefs. Allegedly he sent a note of appreciation to his jailer's blind daughter for bringing him food and delivering messages whereas he was imprisoned, signed "from your Valentine.

While we are able to never be sure on the true origin of the St. Valentine legend, one issue is sure, it should are an appealing and enduring story as a result of by the Middle Ages, Valentine had become one among the foremost well-liked saints in France and United Kingdom.

The timing observance of his saint's day might are driven by the commonplace practice of attempting to integrate previous pagan festivals into the Christian calendar. during this case, the Lupercalia festival. In ancient Rome, Feb was seen because the beginning of spring and was thought-about a time for purification. houses were ceremonially cleansed by sweeping them out then sprinkling salt and wheat throughout the interiors (we still refer to Spring cleaning to this day).

Lupercalia, that began on the 'ides (15th) of February', was a fertility festival dedicated to the agricultural god Lupercus and to the goddess of affection, Juno, moreover on the Roman founders Romulus and Remus. Roman maidens placed their names into an urn set up within the public squares and young single men John Drew from it to urge a 'blind date' for the approaching year. more often than not, these annual matches typically ended in marriage.

St. Valentine's Day was set at Feb fourteenth by Pope Gelasius, at around five hundred AD. By this point, the 'lottery' system for romantic dating was deemed un-Christian and had been outlawed. throughout the Middle Ages, the practice of love lotteries carried on as 'Chance Boxes'. In France, drawings from the boxes assigned couples one year to get married or part company. In England, it had been a common practice for men to wear the name of the girl they John Drew from the possibility boxes on their sleeve, encircled with a heart.

Also at this point, it was normally believed in parts of England and France that Valentine Day marked the start of birds' sexual practice season, that increased the notion that Valentine's Day ought to be a day for romance.

Valentines messages began to seem around the beginning of the Fifteenth century, and even in these formative times, they were often given anonymously, perhaps harking back to the unknown recipients of the Roman lotteries.

The oldest famous valentine still in existence nowadays was a poem written by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his wife whereas he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. The greeting, that was written in 1415, is part of the manuscript collection of British Library in London.

In the UK, St. Valentine's Day became a popular celebration around the 1600s. It continued to take hold, with the familiar "roses are red, violets are blue" versus making their debut sometime in the seventeenth century. By the 1850s, it had been common for lovers from all social standings to convey their loved ones small gifts or handwritten letters. At the identical time, in France, individuals began to brighten their valentines with ribbons and lace.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the handwritten letters gave way to cards as advances in printing technology had improved the standard of printed cards. At the time, it was culturally discouraged for people to point out their emotions in such a direct method as a letter, therefore a printed card was a more acceptable methodology. more cost-effective postage prices and increasing use of the postal system most likely contributed to the increase in popularity of Valentine's card.

Americans probably first began exchanging hand-crafted valentines with verses in the early 1700s. in the mid-nineteenth century, the first mass-produced valentines began to go on sale in America. Miss Esther Howland, AN creator, and bourgeois became the primary regular publisher of valentines within the USA. typically observed as 'the Mother of the Valentine', Miss Howland designed several elaborate creations using lace, ribbons and vibrant pictures referred to as "scrap". Her cards sometimes value between $5 - $10 each, with some the maximum amount like $35, surprisingly expensive for the time.

The greeting card Association estimates that if we embody children's classroom valentines, over one billion valentine cards are opened this year. St. Valentine's Day is that the second largest card-sending time of the year, accounting for twenty-five of all seasonal card sales (Christmas accounts for 60%).
It is estimated that ladies purchase 80 % of all Valentine's cards, which means that a large proportion of men either forget or are not very romantic once it comes to reciprocating! Valentine's Day is well known in the USA, Canada, Mexico, UK, France, and Australia, and is increasing in popularity in many different parts of the world.

Facts regarding Valentine's Day cards (from the card Association)

Approximately twenty-five of individual valentine cards are humorous, with adults aged 35-and-under being the most possible to send humorous cards. Valentines Day is the largest e-card sending occasion of the year. an estimated fourteen million e-valentines are sent in 2008. greeting cards are historically the most well-liked Valentines Day gift in the U.S., ranking ahead of chocolates, flowers or dinner out. american men are also more serious regarding Valentines Day than women. in a very national survey for aircraft landing in 2007, forty-five of girls same they were possible to convey a bantering valentine to their sweetheart, compared to solely thirty-four of men. the share of individual valentines changed through the mail in comparison to hand delivery is about 50-50. Red is the preferred color selection for valentine cards, follow by pink then white. Hearts, roses, Cupid and lace are traditional Valentine card icons.

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