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History Of Buddhism

History of Buddhism

History Of Buddhism
History Of Buddhism

Buddhism began in Northern India around the year five hundred BCE. The Buddhist tradition gets its name from a person known by his followers as the Buddha, or the awaken one. He was born in an exceedingly princely family in a region of Northern India that currently lies in Southern Nepal. In those days it had been merely part of the great undifferentiated geographical entity that we speak of nowadays as the Indian subcontinent.

The Buddha is the very image of calm and contemplation. And is this image of a peaceful and contemplative individual that has drawn many people to Gautama Buddha, for hundreds of years in Asia, and of course, in our own environment today. this is often the image that conveys a lot of explicitly the experience of his awakening. however, the Buddha did not continually sit in perfect contemplation.

After his awakening, he got up from the sit of his enlightenment and talked regarding his experience to others on the roads of Northern India.

The major events of his life took place in what we decide the middle region of the Ganges basin, still the location of Buddhist pilgrimage nowadays.

In India itself, there have been 2 major reform movements than appeared among the Buddhist community not so long when the lifetime of Buddha himself: 

The Theravada: "The philosophy of the Elders". this is often a deliberately conservative tradition. It started in India and these days it's practiced in South East Asia: Thailand, Burma and Sri Lanka. It tries to reapply the practices of the early Buddhist community during the lifetime of Gautama Buddha. 
The Mahayana: "The Great Vehicle". it's a movement that made a radical amendment in the way people enacted the Buddhist ideal. The Mahayana spread to China, Tibet, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam in numerous varieties.

Before these movements had ever begun to grow in India, Buddhism was carried to Sri Lanka, simply off the Southern tip of India. Carried by Buddhist missionaries in the third century BCE. From Sri Lanka, Buddhism was then carried on to most of South East Asia, together with Indonesia.

Buddhism moved  North out of India into China in the second century of the Common era, carried North by monks and merchants on the trade routes that went out over the mountains of India, into Afghanistan then on into the great trade routes called the "silk road" that moved  across central Asia and into the most important mercantile centers of Northern China.

Here Buddhism encountered a sophisticated and ancient civilization. China was a confident and thoroughly civilized region once these early Buddhist monks began to form contact. For Buddhism to become a part of China, as it eventually did, it was vital for Buddhists to make some major changes within the way they thought through and expressed basic issues.

From China, Buddhism was eventually carried to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. you might put Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese Buddhism along as expressions of this great East Asian strand.
In the eighth century of the Common era, Buddhism was carried across the Himalayas from India into Tibet. Today, the Dalai Lama, who is the leader of the Tibetan Buddhist community, is one of the most visible, and that I assume, one of the most active Buddhist leaders in the world.
Today  Buddhism has spread through a lot of the rest of the world as well as Europe, Australia and also the Americas.

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